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2007 000000 109





: 31.05.2002

: - 304

: . .

: . .

: . .






2002


. 3

1 . 4

2 .. 6

2. 1 .. 6

2. 2 . 6

2. 3 . 8

2. 4 . 10

3 .. 12

. 13

.. 14

A.. 15

1 U. 15

2 U T=10, 27 60 .. 15

B. 16

.. 17

D.. 18

. 21

F. 23

H.. 24

G.. 26

i 27

k.. 28

l. 29

m.. 31

N.. 32



().

. : ( - - ), ( , ), ( / ). . .

, , , , .

, : , , , . .


1


. , , . ( , ).

, , . , . , , Ku1.

. ( , ) ( ). , , .

. ΔU. , ΔU , . ΔU - . , .

, ( Ku = 1). 50 100 , . , .


2


, [1]:


2. 1


P = 150 R= 4 ? :


2. 2


U U, U , - Uq3, Uq5 Q3 Q5, R7 R8. U_max :

U=33 .

Q4,Q5 :

:

R Q4 Q5 ( ) , j = 175, u = 55:

Rth_l = 1,5 /. Rth_g=2.908 /. , u=25 :

, , , , 818 819 -25.

2. 3


β = 30 Q4 Q5 Q1 Q3:

(. . ), 10 :

Q1 Q3 I = 30 , R7 0.7 :

ΔU - (Ube_q1q3) Q1 Q3, Ibo:

ΔU:

:

:

, , 817 816.

ΔU=3.08 4 2104. , , :

Id=7 . Uzener = 4,7 Izener = 10 (2147). - Uq2 = 0,7 Q2, R6:

2. 4


LM344 (U = 40, . Ft=2,5 ). 1, R1 2, R3, . - R4 3. , (U U = 1 ):

2 3 (Ku 0.7):


f 3:

f 2:

, , . . 2 , , . , 33 , .


3


MicroCap 6.0 OrCAD 9.1. SPICE- . 1. . OrCAD 9.1 D, MicroCap 6.0 G.

. . (10, 27 60) .

.

C (10, 27 60), 0.7 ( 0.7 3 ). 2 3.

OrCAD 9.1. H.

- E. Monte Carlo , F, , ( 10%).


, , . , , , . , MicroCap 6.0 OrCAD 9.2. ( ) :

1. 

2. 

3. 

4.  -

5.  ( (10, 27, 60)

6. 

. , , .




1.     堠 : / . .. . .: , 1982. 190 .

2.     ., . : / . . . .. . .: , 1980. 512 .

3.     . : . . .: , 1991. 446 .

4.     / . ., . ., . . .: , 1978. 208.

5.     : : . 1. .: , 1993. 240 .

6.     : / . . , . . , . . . . . . . .: , 1981. 656 .

7.     .. . : -, 2000. 39 .

8.     . 1 96: (). : -, 1996. 130 .

9.     .. : . : -, 1994. 40 .

10. : / .. , .. , .. , .. . : -, 2001. 36 .


A


1 U


2 U 10, 27 60


B





D

* Koltushev Ilya

* Variant 109

*

.opt acct list node opts nopage reltol=0.0001 ITL5=0 ITL4=200

.width out=80

.op

*.temp 27

.temp 10 27 60

.ac dec 20 10 100k

.tran/op 1u 5m

.probe

.TF V(100,101) vin

.FOUR 1KHz V(100,101) V(111)

.NOISE V(100,101) Vin

.SENS V(100,101)

.WCase tran V(100,101) YMAX devices r

.print noise onoise inoise

*

C1 31 111 47U

C2 6 31 0.45U

C3 4 2 18.5P

C4 3 0 0.1U

C5 3 0 47U

C6 21 20 18.5P

C7 3 0 0.1U

C8 3 0 47U

D1 3 9 2S147A

D2 4 17 2D104A

D3 17 18 2D104A

D4 18 32 2D104A

D5 32 8 2D104A

D6 21 29 2D104A

D7 29 30 2D104A

D8 30 33 2D104A

D9 33 23 2D104A

D10 3 24 2S147A

Q1 8 9 10 KT817V

Q2 5 4 7 KT817V

Q3 3 8 11 KT816V

Q4 5 7 12 KT819G

Q5 3 11 13 KT818G

Q6 5 22 27 KT819G

Q7 3 26 28 KT818G

Q8 5 21 22 KT817V

Q9 3 23 26 KT816V

Q10 23 24 25 KT817V

R1 0 31 RMOD 10K

R2 0 1 RMOD 1200

R3 6 2 RMOD 10K

R4 2 4 RMOD 180K

R5 9 0 RMOD 2830

R6 3 10 RMOD 570

R7 11 7 RMOD 56

R8 100 12 RMOD 0.5

R9 13 100 RMOD 0.5

R10 101 27 RMOD 0.5

R11 28 101 RMOD 0.5

R12 26 22 RMOD 56

R13 3 25 RMOD 570

R14 0 19 RMOD 1200

R15 20 4 RMOD 180K

R16 20 21 RMOD 180K

R17 24 0 RMOD 2830

RN 100 101 4

V1 5 0 33V

V2 0 3 33V

VIN 111 0 SIN (0 1 1000)

X1 1 2 3 4 5 LM344

X2 19 20 3 21 5 LM344

*

.model RMOD RES(R=1 DEV/GAUSS 10%)

.model R RES(R=1)

.MODEL D223A D ()

.MODEL KS162A D (IS={89.00E-15} N=1.16 BV=4.7 IBV=5U RS=25 TT=57N CJO=72.00P

+ VJ=0.8 M=0.47 FC=0.5)


.MODEL KT819G NPN (IS=974.4F BF=60 BR=2.949 NR=0.7 ISE=902.0P

+ IKF=4.029 NE=1.941 VAF=30 RC=0.1 RB=2 TF=39.11N TR=971.7N XTF=2 VTF=10 ITF=20

+ CJE=569.1P MJE=0.33 CJC=276.0P XTB=10)


.MODEL KT818G PNP (IS=974.4F BF=60 BR=2.949 NR=0.7 ISE=902.0P

+ IKF=4.029 NE=1.941 VAF=30 RC=0.1 RB=2 TF=39.11N TR=971.7N XTF=2 VTF=10 ITF=20

+ CJE=569.1P MJE=0.33 CJC=276.0P XTB=10)


.MODEL 2D104A D (IS=10F N=1 RS=.1 IKF=0 XTI=3 EG=1.11 CJO=1P M=.3333 VJ=.75

+ FC=.5 ISR=100P NR=2 BV=100 IBV=100U TT=5N)


.MODEL 2S147A D (IS={1.236E-12} N=1.87 BV=4.7 IBV=5U RS=20.2 TT=104.0N

+ CJO=87.60P VJ=0.73 M=0.3751 FC=0.5)


.MODEL KT816V PNP (IS=61.09F XTI=3 EG=1.11 VAF=85 BF=100.3 ISE=862.2F

+ NE=1.481 IKF=1.642 NK=.5695 XTB=1.5 BR=1.453 ISC=1.831P NC=1.514

+ IKR=.7536 RC=.1198 CJC=130.06P MJC=.3333 VJC=.75 FC=.5 CJE=100.8P

+ MJE=.3333 VJE=.75 TR=465.1N TF=31.79N ITF=1 XTF=2 VTF=10)


.MODEL KT817V NPN (IS=66.19F XTI=3 EG=1.11 VAF=105 BF=94.53 ISE=728.1F

+ NE=1.432 IKF=.4772 NK=.4907 XTB=1.5 BR=1.663 ISC=1.043P NC=1.476

+ IKR=.9431 RC=.1435 CJC=98.3P MJC=.3155 VJC=.75 FC=.5 CJE=108.6P

+ MJE=.3333 VJE=.75 TR=137.2N TF=26.48N ITF=1 XTF=2 VTF=10)

*

* OPAMP

* PINS: 1=NC+ 2=NC- 3=VEE 4=VO 5=VCC

.SUBCKT LM344 1 2 3 4 5

C1 6 7 2.88675e-012

C2 12 13 1e-011

CE 10 14 1e-019

D1 18 19 D

D2 20 18 D

D3 4 16 D

D4 17 4 D

D5 3 5 D

E1 14 0 POLY(2) 5 0 3 0 0 0.5 0.5

F1 13 14 POLY(5) VS1 VC VE VLP VLN 0 1.14592e+008 -1.14592e+008 1.14592e+008

+ 1.14592e+008 -1.14592e+008

GA 12 0 6 7 6.28319e-005

GCM 0 12 10 0 1.98692e-009

H1 18 0 VS2 1000

IEE 10 3 2.5016e-005

Q1 6 2 8 QINN

Q2 7 1 9 QINP

R2 12 11 100000

RC1 5 6 15915.5

RC2 5 7 15915.5

RE1 8 10 13837.5

RE2 9 10 13837.5

RE 10 14 7.99488e+006

RO2 13 14 25

ROUTAC 15 4 50

RP 5 3 278276

VC 5 16 2

VE 17 3 2

VLN 0 20 20

VLP 19 0 20

VS1 11 0 0

VS2 13 15 0

*

.MODEL D D ()

.MODEL QINN NPN (BF=1470.59)

.MODEL QINP NPN (BF=1666.67 IS=1e-016)

.ENDS LM344

*

*** Parts Count

** Battery 2

** Resistor 18

** Capacitor 8

** Diode 10

** NPN 6

** PNP 4

** Sine source 1

** Opamp 2

.END



**** FOURIER ANALYSIS TEMPERATURE = 10.000 DEG C


FOURIER COMPONENTS OF TRANSIENT RESPONSE V(100,101)


DC COMPONENT = 3.598210E-01


HARMONIC FREQUENCY FOURIER NORMALIZED PHASE NORMALIZED

NO (HZ) COMPONENT COMPONENT (DEG) PHASE (DEG)


1 1.000E+03 2.768E+01 1.000E+00 1.791E+02 0.000E+00

2 2.000E+03 1.189E-02 4.295E-04 4.797E+01 -3.102E+02

3 3.000E+03 1.364E-01 4.927E-03 1.793E+02 -3.580E+02

4 4.000E+03 1.124E-02 4.062E-04 2.049E+01 -6.959E+02

5 5.000E+03 1.006E-02 3.634E-04 1.800E+02 -7.155E+02

6 6.000E+03 4.387E-03 1.585E-04 4.501E-01 -1.074E+03

7 7.000E+03 1.553E-02 5.611E-04 1.640E+02 -1.090E+03

8 8.000E+03 4.618E-03 1.668E-04 2.145E+01 -1.411E+03

9 9.000E+03 7.305E-03 2.639E-04 1.660E+02 -1.446E+03


**** FOURIER ANALYSIS TEMPERATURE = 27.000 DEG C


FOURIER COMPONENTS OF TRANSIENT RESPONSE V(100,101)


DC COMPONENT = 3.647425E-01


HARMONIC FREQUENCY FOURIER NORMALIZED PHASE NORMALIZED

NO (HZ) COMPONENT COMPONENT (DEG) PHASE (DEG)


1 1.000E+03 2.806E+01 1.000E+00 1.791E+02 0.000E+00

2 2.000E+03 9.639E-03 3.436E-04 3.629E+01 -3.219E+02

3 3.000E+03 9.076E-02 3.235E-03 1.796E+02 -3.576E+02

4 4.000E+03 1.098E-02 3.912E-04 1.709E+01 -6.993E+02

5 5.000E+03 1.090E-02 3.885E-04 1.696E+02 -7.258E+02

6 6.000E+03 4.767E-03 1.699E-04 1.454E+01 -1.060E+03

7 7.000E+03 1.623E-02 5.786E-04 1.709E+02 -1.083E+03

8 8.000E+03 4.721E-03 1.683E-04 1.689E+01 -1.416E+03

9 9.000E+03 7.313E-03 2.606E-04 1.629E+02 -1.449E+03


TOTAL HARMONIC DISTORTION = 4.404183E-01 PERCENT


**** FOURIER ANALYSIS TEMPERATURE = 27.000 DEG C


SENSITIVITY NOMINAL


FOURIER COMPONENTS OF TRANSIENT RESPONSE V(111)


DC COMPONENT = 5.608723E-05





HARMONIC FREQUENCY FOURIER NORMALIZED PHASE NORMALIZED

NO (HZ) COMPONENT COMPONENT (DEG) PHASE (DEG)


1 1.000E+03 9.950E-01 1.000E+00 9.271E-03 0.000E+00

2 2.000E+03 2.372E-04 2.384E-04 -4.506E+00 -4.525E+00

3 3.000E+03 9.620E-04 9.668E-04 5.353E+00 5.325E+00

4 4.000E+03 2.632E-04 2.645E-04 -1.758E+02 -1.758E+02

5 5.000E+03 1.130E-04 1.136E-04 9.113E+01 9.108E+01

6 6.000E+03 1.275E-04 1.282E-04 9.859E+00 9.804E+00

7 7.000E+03 4.590E-04 4.613E-04 -6.867E+01 -6.873E+01

8 8.000E+03 9.741E-05 9.790E-05 -1.786E+02 -1.787E+02

9 9.000E+03 3.863E-04 3.882E-04 -7.175E+01 -7.183E+01


TOTAL HARMONIC DISTORTION = 1.209958E-01 PERCENT


F



H


**** DC SENSITIVITY ANALYSIS TEMPERATURE = 10.000 DEG C


DC SENSITIVITIES OF OUTPUT V(100,101)


ELEMENT ELEMENT ELEMENT NORMALIZED

NAME VALUE SENSITIVITY SENSITIVITY

(VOLTS/UNIT) (VOLTS/PERCENT)


R1 1.000E+04 0.000E+00 0.000E+00

R2 1.200E+03 -1.258E-08 -1.509E-07

R3 1.000E+04 0.000E+00 0.000E+00

R4 1.800E+05 1.426E-08 2.568E-05

R5 2.830E+03 7.842E-07 2.219E-05

R6 5.700E+02 7.713E-05 4.396E-04

R7 5.600E+01 -1.964E-05 -1.100E-05

R8 5.000E-01 -6.019E-02 -3.010E-04

R9 5.000E-01 5.969E-02 2.984E-04

R10 5.000E-01 6.002E-02 3.001E-04

R11 5.000E-01 -5.985E-02 -2.993E-04

R12 5.600E+01 1.978E-05 1.108E-05

R13 5.700E+02 -7.717E-05 -4.399E-04

R14 1.200E+03 1.258E-08 1.509E-07

R15 1.800E+05 -7.132E-09 -1.284E-05

R16 1.800E+05 -3.779E-14 -6.801E-11

R17 2.830E+03 -7.846E-07 -2.220E-05

RN 4.000E+00 4.924E-05 1.970E-06


**** DC SENSITIVITY ANALYSIS TEMPERATURE = 27.000 DEG C


DC SENSITIVITIES OF OUTPUT V(100,101)


ELEMENT ELEMENT ELEMENT NORMALIZED

NAME VALUE SENSITIVITY SENSITIVITY

(VOLTS/UNIT) (VOLTS/PERCENT)


R1 1.000E+04 0.000E+00 0.000E+00

R2 1.200E+03 -1.265E-08 -1.518E-07

R3 1.000E+04 0.000E+00 0.000E+00

R4 1.800E+05 1.435E-08 2.582E-05

R5 2.830E+03 8.279E-07 2.343E-05

R6 5.700E+02 8.169E-05 4.656E-04

R7 5.600E+01 -1.813E-05 -1.015E-05

R8 5.000E-01 -6.609E-02 -3.305E-04

R9 5.000E-01 6.570E-02 3.285E-04

R10 5.000E-01 6.592E-02 3.296E-04

R11 5.000E-01 -6.587E-02 -3.294E-04

R12 5.600E+01 1.829E-05 1.024E-05

R13 5.700E+02 -8.173E-05 -4.659E-04

R14 1.200E+03 1.265E-08 1.518E-07

R15 1.800E+05 -7.173E-09 -1.291E-05

R16 1.800E+05 -4.043E-14 -7.278E-11

R17 2.830E+03 -8.283E-07 -2.344E-05

RN 4.000E+00 4.801E-05 1.921E-06


**** DC SENSITIVITY ANALYSIS TEMPERATURE = 60.000 DEG C


DC SENSITIVITIES OF OUTPUT V(100,101)


ELEMENT ELEMENT ELEMENT NORMALIZED

NAME VALUE SENSITIVITY SENSITIVITY

(VOLTS/UNIT) (VOLTS/PERCENT)


R1 1.000E+04 0.000E+00 0.000E+00

R2 1.200E+03 -1.271E-08 -1.526E-07

R3 1.000E+04 0.000E+00 0.000E+00

R4 1.800E+05 1.442E-08 2.595E-05

R5 2.830E+03 9.089E-07 2.572E-05

R6 5.700E+02 9.023E-05 5.143E-04

R7 5.600E+01 -1.515E-05 -8.486E-06

R8 5.000E-01 -7.587E-02 -3.793E-04

R9 5.000E-01 7.560E-02 3.780E-04

R10 5.000E-01 7.569E-02 3.785E-04

R11 5.000E-01 -7.577E-02 -3.788E-04

R12 5.600E+01 1.533E-05 8.584E-06

R13 5.700E+02 -9.027E-05 -5.145E-04

R14 1.200E+03 1.271E-08 1.526E-07

R15 1.800E+05 -7.209E-09 -1.298E-05

R16 1.800E+05 -4.112E-14 -7.402E-11

R17 2.830E+03 -9.092E-07 -2.573E-05

RN 4.000E+00 4.692E-05 1.877E-06

 

G

 


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345
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2010
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