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. 2006

1. :


popaa "yya" cppye ca ac, , . ., .

popaa cppye oeypx cce a yx pepax:

- yya ca ac eoopo ac eeoo oea eaoo aa,

- yya oea eaoo aa eooe ee op.

B popae cooaa yepa oe aa. Pace cooe oey ey coo, co cea cocya ope pocxo o aoa exa.

2. :

I yya ca ac


: yc oo apo cocye oeo V ( ocyc ex oe) axoc N oey eaoo aa ( popae o co oe ec). B oee V ceo eec oac oeo dV<<V ( popae oa eea pao, ooee paep oopo oo pa). e popa - oaa yya ca ac o eeo oee peao acae pee. Peaoa e oooc peca o ee:

1) - e n(t), oaa oey aa ooo cpeeo ae eeo oee dV ;

2) - e copa W(n), oaae co cyae oa eeo oee axoc aoe co oey.

B popae peycopeo ycpeee copa eee ceo pee ae, o ooe oy peee y pacpeee epooc. ac copaa apocpyec ayccoo po c cooecy apaepa.

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II yya oea (eooe ee op).

: cpa yya a poyocoo e popae paccopea oe, oopo pocxo yya oea aa, axoeoc peco cocye o ope, yepaeo pyo.

ope a pye pecae coo oeaey ccey, oopo cpe oeaa ep paa cpee eeco,

ee op a pae oo aa peao yeeo acae.

Pace aoec oey co cea cocya ope pocxo o aoa exa, ce ope cac oepec. Peaoa e oooc cpa eox e op:

1) pa x(t), oaa ceee op o ooe paoec - .

2) copaa, oaaa ooe op o ooe paoec.

peycopeo ycpeee peyao o pee, o ooe oy peee epoocoe pacpeeee, acy oopoo cooecye paoecoy ae x.


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3.:


yya ecx e a pepe yx poecco: yya ca ac, eoo e op oc eepayp po yee p pacpeee.



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2010
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